Drug rehab is multi-faceted in its approach to treating addiction and cannot be summed up with one explaination. There are different kinds of rehab available for addiction treatment ranging from deotx to high intensity dual diagnosis treatment to address mental health issues as well as addiction. The actual practice of drug rehab centers and what methods are used in treating addiction are described here as drug rehab methodologies.
Here, we will give an overview of the varying kinds of methodologies used by treatmet centers to address varying problems and addictions coupled with co-occurring mental health issues.
Detox, short for detoxification, is usually the first step in addiction treatment for drugs and alcohol. During detox, addicts will be medically monitored while they go through the withdrawal process of the substance leaving the body. Often, this process is very uncomfortable and sometime dangerous depending on the substance of abuse and certain medications are used in easing the withdrawal symptoms. This treatment methodology is commonly used and often required for admission to residential rehab. While detox is a prerequisite for addiction treatment most times, many treatment centers do not offer detox services on premises and will contract with outside hospitals and detox specific facilities for this service. Although Detox is very common among the addiction treatment community, not all addicts and alcoholics believe in chemical healing, so some rehabs have accomodated that need. The nation is dotted with treatment centers that do not use a medical detox process, and instead utilize saunas and therapuedic means to cleanse the body of toxins caused by substance abuse. While this practice may be considered dangerous for more severe cases of drug abuse, specifically alcohol and heroin, medical staff is on hand to address emergencies that may arise during the detox process.
Holistic rehab is a methodology that focuses on min, body and spirit, healing the "whole" person. Generally hoistic rehab programs will offer accupuncture, neuro feedback excercsises, and other mind and body excercises to heal individuals suffering from addiction. This methodology has become increasingly popular over past years, as many people, especially addicts seek better overall heath. Often the logic behind this kind of rehab methodology is that the whole person (mind, body and spirit) become damaged by addiction and there is no way to combat the disease without healing all parts which have been damaged. The theory of holistic drug rehab comes from the theory of holism - the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. The traditional 12-step program is still a large part of holistic treatment, though holistic drug rehab does not define a Higher Power, rather leave it to each individual to define what his or her G.O.D. (Good Orderly Direction) will be and submit to that power. Holistic drug rehab has been favored over the years by those who are not extremely pious, but hold strong spiritual beliefs.
The 12-step rehab program is the oldest in addiction treatment history, started by Bill Wilson, founder of Alcoholics Anonymous in the 1930's. Although the 12-step program was originally based n Christianity, many addiction rehabs and individuals have put their own spin on it to make it more logical for each individual. Many rehabs which utilize the outline of the 12-step program do not apply it literally and often make no mention of "12-step", even though that program is the framework for the methodologies used in recovery. Like most things, the 12-step program has been interpreted in many different ways to appeal to people from all religous backgrounds and belief systems. For many however, the traditional 12-step program is just what is needed to aid in recovery from addiction. The difference in application of the 12-step program is outlined in the specific details of each rehab center and is an important detail to consider when searching for addiction treatment.
Dual Diagnosis is a treatment service that focuses not only on the addiction, but also on any co-occurring mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, manic and bi-polar disorders. Dual diagnosis treatment often includes the controled administration of medication to stabalize mental disorders while addiction treatment continues. This method of treatment can become extremely complicated when coupled with addiction treatment, which is complex in its own right. For effective dual diagnosis treatment, highly qualified staff must monitor each individual's progress with both the addiction and mental health issues so it calls for virtually double the care and counseling. Many times with co-occurring mental disorders, the mental health issue(s) help to drive the addictive behaviors, making it more important to treat both problems to keep either from creating future problems.readmore »»